Interventional oncology is procedures used to diagnose and treat cancer, and cancer-related issues. It uses highly targeted and minimally invasive procedures performed under image guidance. This enables precise treatment of solid tumors, or neoplasms, throughout various organs and areas in the human body.
Interventional oncology is used to treat solid tumors/neoplastic tissue all over the body. This targets a wide variety of cancers, including liver cancer, lung cancer, kidney cancer, bone cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer. It can treat both primary cancers as well as metastatic cancers. This is often used in a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. This treatment may be in combination with other treatments for the best chance at success.
Interventional oncology procedures can be generally divided into two categories: diagnostic procedures, and therapeutic procedures.
Diagnostic procedures can obtain accurate diagnoses of suspicious tissue. This includes three types of biopsies: fine needle aspiration, core needle biopsy and vacuum assisted biopsy.
Therapeutic procedures can be further divided between ablation techniques, used to destroy or remove the tissue, embolization techniques used to shrink the tissue, and palliative techniques that serve to improve patient quality of life and reduce cancer-related pain.
Because interventional oncology procedures are minimally invasive, they cause less pain, fewer complications, and require much less time for procedure as well as recovery. Interventional oncology is typically performed on an outpatient basis.
Interventional oncology can also assist with other forms of cancer treatment. For instance, when chemotherapy occurs the potency of the treatment increases. However, the serious side effects associated with a broader application decrease. Also, if surgery to remove the cancerous tumors is not possible due to the size, number, or the location of the tumors, interventional oncology procedures can shrink or reduce the tumors to make surgical removal possible.