Types Of Vascular Conditions

Types of Vascular Conditions

The Vascular is system is your heart, artery and veins working together. As the heart beats, it pumps blood through a system of blood vessels, called the circulatory system. The vessels are elastic tubes that carry blood to every part of the body

  • Arteries carry blood away from the heart.
  • Veins return blood back to the heart.

Lymph vessels and lymph nodes are part of a cleaning system that removes damaged cells from your body. They also help protect your body from infections and cancer. The vessels pick up fluid from tissues throughout your body. That fluid eventually drains back into veins under your collarbones.

Vascular Disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system, such as peripheral artery disease. This ranges from diseases of your arteries, veins and lymph vessels to blood disorders that affect circulation. A disease can lead to your tissues not getting enough blood, a condition called ischemia, as well as other serious, even life-threatening, problems.

The following conditions which are treated by Coastal Vascular Center fall under Vascular Disease .

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Vascular Conditions


 

A vein condition is anything that affects the circulation in your veins. These are the vessels that return oxygen-depleted blood to the heart. The major vein conditions we treat are Peripheral Arterial Disease, Varicose Veins, Spider Veins, Venous Ulcers, and Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).

Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral arterial disease, also know as PAD, encompasses arterial disease occurring in areas of the body other than the heart or brain. It is a result of plaque buildup. Arteries become narrowed or blocked, which causes decreased blood flow.  While this disease often occurs in your legs, it may also be reducing blood flow to your heart or brain.

When you develop peripheral arterial disease (PAD), your extremities don’t receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking (claudication).

Discover the causes, symptoms, and treatments to successfully handle peripheral arterial disease.  Set up an appointment to talk with Dr. Ayar today!

 

Leg Ulcers

If Peripheral Arterial Disease or Vein Reflux Disease progresses it can result in Leg Ulcers.  This represents advanced stage disease requiring management with prompt consultation and procedures to allow the wounds to heal and reduce the chance of further tissue loss.

The most severe stage of venous disease can result in open, non-healing sores called venous ulcers. Also referred to as venous insufficiency ulcers or venous stasis ulcers. Venous ulcers most often occur on the ankle and shin area. They rarely occur above the knee.

Venous ulcers can range in size from small to quite large. They can take months or even years to heal.  Venous ulcers can come back even after healing. Call Coastal Vascular Today!

 

Leg Swelling

An abnormal buildup of fluid in tissues called edema is what causes swelling in the legs. Sometimes, painful swollen legs can be caused by lymphatic dysfunction. In other cases, edema can result from long-standing venous reflux. A venous disease that causes spider veins and varicose veins. It can lead to more serious conditions, such as ulcers or skin discoloration.

Bulging and swollen veins may appear in cases of edema caused by venous reflux. These veins typically resemble varicose veins, which are twisted veins that bulge near the surface. In other cases, edema caused by venous reflux can occur without the appearance of bulging veins. In these cases, venous reflux forces fluids to collect and pool in the tissues around the ankle and lower legs, causing the tissues to swell.

 

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are surface veins that have become enlarged, swollen, twisted, and/or bulging due to vein disease. They can be red, blue, or flesh-toned in color and most often appear on the thighs, back of the calves, and inside of the leg.

They are caused by an inability of the veins to properly return blood to the heart. Therefore, the blood pools in the veins and causes them to become swollen and discolored. Varicose veins are often caused by venous reflux disease.

 

Spider Veins

They may not be bulging or painful, but spider veins are still unsightly and unwelcome. Medically referred to as telangiectasia, spider veins are more of a cosmetic than a painful nuisance.

Compared to Varicose Veins, spider veins are are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that also twist and turn. They are typically visible on the legs and face. If you are suffering from spider veins, get an appointment with the Houston Spider Vein Treatment Center.

 

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) usually occurs in your thighs or calf muscles when a blood clot is situated within a deep vein in the muscle. The restricted blood flow often causes pain and swelling

Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which a blood clot forms in one of your deep veins, often in the legs. DVT can cause severe pain and swelling, which can lower your quality of life or limit your mobility, depending on where it occurs.

 

Leg Pigmentation

If venous reflux disease progresses, it can result in venous stasis hyperpigmentation.  The skin above the ankles can become darkly pigmented and thickened.  Swelling can also be associated with this condition.

These changes are a result of increased venous pressure and inflammatory reactions that occur in people with chronic venous reflux disease.  All patients with these findings should be evaluated by an ultrasound exam to determine if there are specific veins that can be treated.