Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which a blood clot forms in one of your deep veins, often in the legs. DVT can cause severe pain and swelling, which can bring down your quality of life and even limit your mobility, depending on where it occurs.
Those who sit for long periods of time are at great risk of DVT since the blood pools in the legs and can clot. DVT is also likely in those with a family history, pregnant women, those who are overweight, those who have a history of clotting, and those who are over 40, among others.
Here’s a closer look at what can cause this serious condition, as well as some information about the dangerous of DVT and how it can be treated:
Causes of DVT
Anything that increases the pressure in the legs or causes the blood to pool there will increase the likelihood of developing DVT. That’s why pregnancy and obesity are listed as causes. The extra weight puts pressure on those veins and makes it harder for the blood to circulate back up to the heart. Therefore, the blood is more likely to clot.
The same is true for sitting or lying down for long periods of time. Many people live a sedentary lifestyle in which they sit most of the day behind a desk. Others may end up in bed for long periods after an injury or an accident. When you are off your feet, the circulation slows and blood pools, making it more likely to clot.
Of course, any kind of clotting disorder or family history of clotting will also increase the chances of DVT. Heart disease, some types of cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease can increase risk, as can smoking and taking medications like birth control or hormone replacement therapy.
Dangers of DVT
The most serious danger of DVT is pulmonary embolism, which occurs when the clot dislodges and moves to the lungs. Pulmonary embolism can be fatal, or it can lead to complications like heart failure or trouble breathing.
Postthrombotic syndrome can also occur. This syndrome can result in pain and swelling around the area of the clot, darkened skin, sores on the skin, and varicose veins. This condition is not as dangerous as pulmonary embolism, but it can be very uncomfortable and lower your quality of life.
Treatment for deep vein thrombosis can include lifestyle changes or surgery. Some options include surgically removing the clot or placing a stent or balloon angioplasty in a vein to enlarge the opening and allow blood to flow more freely.
Lifestyle changes can include getting exercise more regularly to promote circulation and strengthen the muscles. If you sit for long periods, you can elevate the arms and legs, or you can get up periodically to take small walks around the room or even around the building. You can also wear compression stockings that help promote circulation.
Talk with your doctor if you have any symptoms or if you have any of the risks for DVT. Some cases have no symptoms, so you don’t know you have it until you are dealing with a more serious problem.
Even if you already have DVT, there is help and successful treatments. Call the Coastal Vascular Center at 281-949-6020 today to learn more about your options regarding DVT and let us help you find the ideal treatment.