Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment

Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment

Learn more about Peripheral Artery Disease and the treatment options available to you in Pearland, Texas.  Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a chronic circulatory condition, which if left untreated can result in unnecessary limb amputations.  PAD affects approximately 18 million US citizens, and 160,000 to 180,000 of those patients are estimated to undergo limb amputation this year.

By increasing Peripheral Artery Disease awareness and the treatment options available in Pearland, Coastal Vascular Center hopes to improve access to PAD screening and treatments, which is shown to improve quality of life, reduce care costs and prevent limb loss.

Education and Prevention

AngioplastyCoastal Vascular Center encourages members of the vascular care community including physicians, clinicians and patient advocates to use the tools below to spread the word about PAD Awareness month among their colleagues, patients and friends.  Together, we can increase understanding of vascular disease to improve the health of many Americans.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a chronic, life-threatening circulatory condition. PAD causes narrowing or blockage of the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the legs. The primary cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, or the buildup of plaque in the arteries.  The more plaque that builds up on the inside walls of the blood vessels carrying blood from the heart to legs and arms, the more the arteries lose exibility and narrow, putting patients at greater risk.

Risk Factors for PAD

PAD patients are at high risk of developing critical limb ischemia (CLI), a chronic condi- tion that results in severe pain in the feet or toes, even while resting. Complications of poor circulation can include sores and wounds that won’t heal in the legs and feet. Left untreated, the complications of CLI could result in amputation of the affected limb.  Some of the risk factors for Peripheral Artery Disease may include:

Common Symptoms of Peripheral Artery Disease

Blockages can restrict blood flow to the muscles, causing muscle cramps, tightness or weakness, especially during activity. In the early stages of PAD, patients may not experience any symptoms. If PAD is not treated, though, blockages may continue to grow and restrict, or even completely block, blood flow.  Symptoms may include:

  • Leg pain when walking
  • Muscle pain or cramping in legs and calf triggered by activity leg numbness or weakness
  • Coldness on lower leg or foot
  • Sores on toes, legs or feet that won’t heal
  • Change in color of legs

How is PAD treated?

In order to salvage the limbs, PAD is medically treated with prescribed medications. These medications treat high cholesterol, control blood pressure. As well as, decrease pain while walking in order to increase exercise. They also aim to prevent the buildup of plaque or formation of blood clots.

Peripheral Arterial Disease is also treated using minimally invasive interventional radiology procedures. Angioplasty is when the blocked artery is opened up using a medical balloon, enabling better blood flow. In some cases, the affected arteries need to remain open using a stent, which is a small metal cylinder. This treatment is stenting.

In some cases, PAD may be serious enough that a medical team has no choice but to perform surgery. This may be the only way to remove blockages or create bypasses around the clogged areas.

Can peripheral arterial disease be treated without medical intervention?

If found early enough, PAD may be possible for a patient to treat it with lifestyle changes. This most often entails quitting smoking, undertaking an exercise program, and focusing on a healthy diet. It is important to note that if you believe you may be suffering from PAD, you must see a doctor.  This is potentially a limb and life-threatening condition. Your doctor will determine the best course of treatment for you.