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Minimally Invasive Treatments of Venous Reflux Disease Is On The Rise

Oct 24, 2017Varicose Veins, Vascular Disease

Endovenous saphenous vein obliteration using radio-frequency or laser therapies has quickly ascended to a position of prime importance. This provides help in providing minimally invasive venous reflux treatment to combat venous reflux disease.

Venous reflux disease is commonly known as venous insufficiency. This is a medical condition affecting the circulation of blood in the lower extremities. Venous reflux disease commonly produces varicose veins. The swollen and discolored superficial leg veins that affect more than 25 million Americans.

In venous reflux disease, blood doesn’t flow back to the heart. Thus, causing blood to pool in the veins in the legs. Venous insufficiency is most commonly caused by blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) and varicose veins.

Venous Reflux Therapy

Endovenous thermal ablation, also called laser therapy, is a newer technique. It uses a laser or high-frequency radio waves to create intense local heat in the varicose vein or incompetent vein. To close up the targeted vessel, heat goes heat through a catheter.

The technical aspects of minimally invasive treatments make them appealing to both practitioners and patients. Especially, when compared to more invasive procedures. With radiofrequency or laser therapies there is less bruising, pain, and postoperative recovery. The results also exceed sclerotherapy (injection of a solution, generally a salt solution directly into the vein). The improvements in overall results have led to greater acceptance by patients.

Endovenous ablation is a treatment for closing the saphenous vein in the leg. Typically the main superficial vein associated with varicose veins. Either laser or radiofrequency (RF) technology can used for treatment.

The traditional vein stripping option would be to remove the entire saphenous vein through large skin incisions. This is a more invasive approach that includes more pain, bruising and postoperative downtime. With the current endovenous ablation, there is no need for skin incisions to obtain excellent results.

In an endovenous ablation procedure, a thin catheter (flexible tube) goes into the vein. The entire length of the vein is treated with laser or radiofrequency through the catheter, thus injuring the vein’s wall. This causes the veins to close and eventually turn into scar tissue. The goals of treatment are to reduce symptoms and reduce the risk of complications from venous disease, including blood clots.

Immediately after the procedure, patients may to start walking. However, they should avoid any strenuous exercises involving the legs (such as weight training) for two to three weeks. This is to enable adequate time for healing and for the treated veins to remain closed. There is minor bruising and mild discomfort in the treated leg for two to four weeks.

The team of vascular specialists at Coastal Vascular Clinic are dedicated to providing excellent patient care that maximizes results while minimizing the time you spend at our clinic.  Contact us for additional information.